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深入学习贯彻全国“两会”精神 推动全区经济社会发展再上新台阶

2019-07-16 22:02 来源:挂号网

  深入学习贯彻全国“两会”精神 推动全区经济社会发展再上新台阶

  BEIJING,(Xinhua)--XiJinping,GeneralSecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommittee,saidonFridaythatrevolutionarypioneerSunYat-senhadstaunchlychampionedtheintegrityofthecountryandunityofthenation,atagatheringtocommemoratethe150thanniversaryofSunYat-sensbirth."SunYat-senunequivocallyopposedanyremarksoractionsthatattemptedtosplitthecountryorthenation,"Xi,whoisalsoChinesePresidentandChairmanoftheCentralMilitaryCommission,,Xisaidthatunited,thepeopleoftheentirecountrybenefit;disunited,peoplesuffer."AnyattempttosplitthecountrywillberesolutelyopposedbyallChinesepeople,"Xisaid,vowing"wellneverallowanyone,anyorganizationorpoliticalPartytoripoutanypartofourterritoryatanytimeorinanyform."ID:22940658----URL:http:///2016-11/11/content_Khan,aseven-year-oldmaleWhiteBengaltiger,playswithaballduringthe"FootballDay"event,organizedbyzooemployeestomarktheupcoming2018FIFAWorldCup,attheRoyevRucheyzoointheSiberiancityofKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June5,2018.(Photo/Agencies)FemalealpacaJuliette(L)andmalealpacaRomeorunnearagiantballduringthe"FootballDay"event,organizedbyzooemployeestomarktheupcoming2018FIFAWorldCup,attheRoyevRucheyzoointheSiberiancityofKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June5,2018.(Photo/Agencies)Maya,aone-year-oldfemaleraccoon,playswithaballduringthe"FootballDay"event,organizedbyzooemployeestomarktheupcoming2018FIFAWorldCup,attheRoyevRucheyzoointheSiberiancityofKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June5,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

,theUnitedStates,onJune13,rofapercentagepoint,itssecondratehikethisyear.(Xinhua/YangChenglin)WASHINGTON,June13(Xinhua)--rofapercentagepoint,itssecondratehikethisyearandtheseventhsincelate2015."Inviewofrealizedandexpectedlabormarketconditionsandinflation,the(FederalOpenMarket)Committeedecidedtoraisethetargetrangeforthefederalfundsrateto1-3/4to2percent,""continuedtostrengthen"andeconomicactivityhasbeen"risingatasolidrate",withhoustemsotherthanfoodandenergy"havemovedcloseto2percent",suggestingthatFedofficialsaregett,,,,,upfromthreeestimatedinMarch,kesremainstheappropriatepathforthecentralbanktosustaineconomicexpansion."Wecontinuedtobelievethatagradualapproachforincreasingthefederalfundsratewillbestpromoteasustainedexpansionofeconomicactivity,stronglabormarketconditions,andinflationnearoursymmetrictwopercentgoal,"PowellsaidWednesdayatapressconference."Weareawarethatraisingratestooslowlymightraisetheriskthatmonetarypolicywouldneedtotightenabruptlydowntheroadinresponsetoanunexpectedlysharpincreaseininflationorfinancialexcesses,jeopardizingtheeconomicexpansion,"heargued,owsannouncementmarkedtheFedsseventhratehikeofthistighteningcyclebeginningDecember2015andthesecondmoveunderPowell,ismonthestimatedthattheFedwouldraiseinterestratesagainatitsSeptemberpolicymeeting.全国低碳日NationalLow-carbonDayBeijingsenvironmentalprotectionauthoritieshavelaunchedanewcampaign,"Drivingonedaylessfortheweek."北京市环保部门发起了一项"每周少开一天车"的新活动.TheprogramwillencouragepeopletodrivelessbyawardingdriverswithWechatredpackets(adigitalpaymentserviceprovidedbymessagingappWechat)ande-coupons.该活动通过微信红包和电子优惠券的形式鼓励人们少开车.6月11日至17日是全国节能宣传周(NationalEnergyEfficiencyPromotionWeek),活动主题是"节能有我,绿色共享";6月13日是全国低碳日(NationalLow-carbonDay),活动主题是"工业低碳发展"(Low-carbonIndustrialDevelopment).北京市发改委联合北京环境交易所等单位开展的"我自愿每周再少开一天车"的活动也是节能宣传周的活动之一.机动车车主每停开车24小时,便可获得至元不等的碳排放收益(carbonemissionbonuses)和1个碳币(carboncoin),碳排放收益以微信红包方式兑现,碳币可用来兑换电子优惠券等奖励.机动车车主可通过扫码或者搜索关注小程序"北京市机动车自愿减排交易平台"(Beijingmotorvehiclevoluntaryemissionreductiontradingplatform),注册参与活动.车主在停驶前后分别拍摄上传行驶里程,停驶24小时以上即可出售碳减排量并获得微信红包,还可以获得电子优惠券等奖励,在空气重污染预警的情况下停驶,奖励还将加倍(thebonuseswillbedoubledduringheavypollutiondays).相关研究表明,机动车污染物排放(pollutantemissionsfrommotorvehicles)是北京本地的重要来源,并含有挥发性有机物(VolatileOrganicCompounds,VOC)、氮氧化物(nitrogenoxide)等污染物以及二氧化碳等温室气体.2016年,北京市机动车保有量已经达到571万多辆.据专家测算,升至升排量的机动车停驶一天能够减排公斤二氧化碳.每天少开车1公里,一年减少的二氧化碳排放量相当于1棵15年树龄的杨树一年吸收的二氧化碳量.

  AnewdocumentaryshowcasingChinasprofoundloveofweddingphotographywillpremiereattheSydneyFilmFestivalonWednesdayevening,withaudiencesbuzzing,Australiandirector,OliviaMartin-McGuire,thefilmcapturesthereal-lifejourneysomecouplesarewillingtotakeinordertogettheirperfectweddingshot."ItscalledChinaLoveandreallybytheendofityoudokindofloveChina,"saboutcontemporaryChinathroughthiswindowoflove,marriageanddreams,,photoshootscantakeplaceuptoayearinadvanceoftheweddingandofteninvolveprofessionallystagedscenesofromance,,somecoupleseventravelasfarasAustralia,EuropeorAntarctica."TheweddingasIunderstandit,isforthefamily,itsverytraditional,"shesaid."Thephotosarejustforthisindividualdreamandtheyarenotbasedinrealityatall.""Youcanusefakesetsandyoucandressuptobewhateveryouwanttobe,itsaboutadream."TheinspirationforMartin-McGuiresdocumentarycameseveralyearsago,,theAustralianhappenedtocomeacross15bridesposingforphotosinfrontofasandstonewall."Ithinkitstheshoesthatcaptureme,"shesaid."Becausetheyallhadamazingdresses,theseelaborategownsandthentheyvegotthesewhitesneakersandtheystartrunningbecausetheyhavetodosomanyshootsinoneday.""ButIdidntknowallofthis,allIknewwastherewereallthesefantasticoutfitsandtheywereallaroundthiscornerandthentheywererunningsomewhere,sothatswhatsortofsparkedmycuriosity."KUALALUMPUR,(Xinhua)--Mala-ledTrans-PacificPartnership(TPP)follo,Trumphaspubliclyobjectedthetradedeal,whichinvolvesAustralia,Brunei,Canada,Chile,Japan,Malaysia,Mexico,NewZealand,Peru,Singapore,,MalaysiasInternationalTradeandIndustryMinisterwholedthenegotiations,wasquotedassayingbylocalmediaonThursdaythattheagreementwouldfailwithouttheparticipationoftheworldsbiggesteconomy,andthatmightaffectMalaysia,ananalystatSingaporesNanyangTechnologicalUniversity,toldthelocalMalayMailthatthechancesoftheTPPbeingimplementedwouldbesl:22923430----URL:http:///2016-11/10/content_

  UNAIDSExecutiveDirectorMichelSidibespeaksduringaninterviewwithXinhuaNewsAgencyattheUnitedNationsheadquartersinNewYork,onJune12,,MichelSidibesaidTuesdayattheUNheadquartersafterhisreportonthelatestprogressoftheagencysstruggleagainstAIDS.(Xinhua/LiMuzi)UNITEDNATIONS,June12(Xinhua)--ChinaisplayingagreatroleinfightingAIDS,UNAIDSExecutiveDirectorMichelSidibesaidTuesdayattheUnitedNationsheadquartersafterhisreportonthelatestprogressoftheagencyalAssemblyin2016,theworldismakingstrongprogresstowardendingtheAIDSepidemicby2030,,makingsurethatsanitation,environment,sportandotherissuesareaddressed,igmforreinforcingrelevantservicedeliverysystem,,hesaid,addingthatChina,acountrywithsuccessfulexperiencein"barefootdoctors",canplayacriticalroleintrainingcommunityhealthworkers,,oneoftheleadingmediagroupsintheworld,hasbeenontheforefrontsharingresults,makingpeopleunderstandwhatneedstobeaddressed,andtryingtomobilize,advocateandcreatespaceforsocialchange,,battingtheepidemicinChinaandbeyond.FanscheerinfrontofacountdownclockneartheRedSquareinMoscow,Russia,onJune13,(Xinhua/YangLei)BySportswriterSuBinMOSCOW,June13(Xinhua)--Astheclocktickedintothefinal24hoursaheadoftheWorldCup,elatedatmospherefromfan,Alonso,astudentfromArgentina,hasdecidedtostayinRussiauntiltheconclusionofthetournament."IhopethatArgentinacanplayinthefinalandwin,",Egypt,Iran,Peru......differentjerseysofparticipatingsidescanbeseenonfansfromallovertheworld,andwhatsincommonisthatlikeAlonso,,ColombiaareplacedinGroupHwithPoland,groupstagewithnothingbutvictories."Wewillwin,that,Poland1-0andSenegal1-0,",,,over43,000ticketswe,AustraliaandDenmark."Itwasreallyhardforthem(Peru)toqualify,butoncetheyqualifiedandarenowontheWorldCup,theyareveryconfidenttomakeittothelastgame,"saidErick,,severalPeruvianfansgrabbedthespotlight,attractinglocalpeopletoposewiththemforphotographsinsunnyMoscow.",butweareconfidentthatwehaveverygoodplayersandcontinuetogotothefinal,"sopeningmatchbetweenRussiaandSaudiArabiaon,footballfanscan,takeaseatandenjoytheshow.

我们需要关注各个年龄层的孤独问题。

  WhatdoesyourmusictastesayaboutYOUWhetheryouprefersophisticatedorsimplemusiccouldrevealalotaboutyourpersonality.你对复杂音乐或者简单音乐的喜好可以透露关于你性格的大量信息。

   PresidentXiJinping,alsogeneralsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,visitsthesiteofanimperialfortonTuesdayatLiugongIslandinWeihai,/XinhuaIndependencehighlightedinoceansciencePresidentXiJinpinghascalledforbuildingupastrongmaritimecountry,,alsogeneralsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommitteeandchairmanoftheCentralMilitaryCommission,madethecallonTuesdayduringaninspectiontourinQingdao,wherehechairedthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitduringtheweekend."Buildingupastrongmaritimecountryisalong-cherishedbeliefIhold,"XisaidonTuesdayashevisitedapilotnationallaboratoryofmarinescienceandtechnologyinQingdao,iencesareimportantpartsofthenationsstrategyofrejuvenation,,Xistressedkeytechnologieswillbedevelopedthroughthenation,helearnedmoreaboutmajorcutting-edgescience,theindependentresearchanddevelopmentofhi,anacademicianattheChineseAcademyofEngineering,spokewithXiabouttheres,leavinggreatpotentialfordevelopment,s"bluedrugstore".XitoldGuan,"Wesharethesamedream."Chinaispursuingcoordinatedlandandmarinedevelopment,,Qingdaohas18researchinstitutesand34high-levelrstopprofessionalsinthesefields,saidZhangJiangting,sLicangdistrict,,a,anothercoastalcityintheprovince,wherehevisitedthesiteofaQingDynasty(1644-1911)fortandtheMuseumoftheFirstSino-JapaneseWar(1894-95).HistoricallessonsshouldberememberedtoencourageallChinesepeopletostriveforprogresswithdetermination,Xisaid.蓝天保卫战makeourskiesblueagainDeliveringtheGovernmentWorkReporttotheFifthPlenarySessionofthe12thNationalPeoplesCongressonSunday,PremierLiKeqiangsaideffectivestepswillbetakentotackleairpollutionand"makeourskiesblueagain".5日,国务院总理李克强在第十二届全国人民代表大会第五次会议上作政府工作报告时提出,要打好"蓝天保卫战",采取有效措施解决空气污染问题.李克强在会上表示,加快改善环境(fasterprogressintheworkofimprovingtheenvironment),特别是空气质量(airquality),是人民群众的迫切愿望,是可持续发展(sustainabledevelopment)的内在要求.必须科学施策、标本兼治(tacklebothsymptomsandrootcauses)、铁腕治理(fightitwithallourmight),努力向人民群众交出合格答卷.根据政府工作报告,二氧化硫(sulfurdioxide)、氮氧化物(oxynitride)排放量要分别下降3%,重点地区(keyareas)细颗粒物浓度明显下降(asharpdeclineinthedensityoffineparticulatematter,).为实现打好"蓝天保卫战"的目标(thegoalofdefendingbluesky),一要加快解决燃煤污染问题(acceleratesolvingtheproblemofpollutioncausedbycoalburning);二要全面推进污染源治理(promotecontrolofpollutionsourcesinanall-roundway);三要强化机动车尾气治理(strengthenmanagementofvehicleemissions);四要有效应对重污染天气;五要严格环境执法(strictlyenforceenvironmentallaws)和督查问责(oversightandaccountability).李克强称,治理雾霾人人有责(tacklingsmogisdowntoeverylastoneofus),贵在行动、成在坚持(successdependsonactionandcommitment).全社会不懈努力(aslongasthewholeofoursocietykeepstrying),蓝天必定会一年比一年多起来(wewillhavemoreandmoreblueskieswitheachpassingyear).

  AccordingtotheworkofJulianneHolt-Lunstad,apsychologyprofessoratBrighamYoungUniversityinUtah,lonelinessisactuallyatitspeakamongteenagersandyoungadults.美国犹他州杨百翰大学的心理学教授朱莉安娜·郝特-朗斯达的研究报告指出,实际上,青少年和青年才是最孤独的。

  网络百科全书onlineencyclopaediaThethirdeditionoftheChineseEncyclopaediaisduetogoonlineforthefirsttimesometimenextyear,announcedtheChineseAcademyofSciences.中国科学院宣布,《中国大百科全书》第三版的网络版将在明年首次上线.Over20,000scholarsfromuniversitiesandresearchinstitutesacrossthecountrywillparticipateinthemassivenationalonlineencyclopaediaprogram,includingmorethan300academicsand30membersoftheCAS,LiuGuohui,associateexecutiveeditor-in-chiefoftheprojectanddirectoroftheEncyclopediaofChinaPublishingHouse(ECPH),hastoldseniorscientists.中国大百科全书出版社社长、《中国大百科全书》第三版执行副总主编刘国辉表示,来自全国高校和科研机构的2万多名学者将参与该网络版百科全书的编撰工作,其中包括300余位中科院院士和30多位学部委员.《中国大百科全书》第三版定位于新型的网络百科全书(onlineencyclopaedia),是基于信息化技术和互联网,进行知识生产、分发和传播的国家大型公共知识服务平台(alargenationalplatformforpublicknowledgeservicebasedoninformationtechnologyandtheinternetthatproduces,distributesandspreadsknowledge),目标是编纂一部代表世界最高水平的网络化和数字化的《中国大百科全书》(compileaninternet-baseddigitalencyclopaediaon-parwiththeworldsbest).《中国大百科全书》第三版执行总主编杨牧之在中科院的会议上对资深科学家说:"《中国大百科全书》不是一本书,而是一座文化万里长城(TheEncyclopaediaofChinaisnotabook,butaGreatWallofculture)."《中国大百科全书》第三版首期目标为30余万条内容,每条约1000字(morethan300,000entriesatabout1,000wordseach),内容涉及103个学科,是《大英百科全书》的两倍,规模堪比中文版维基百科.该项目在2011年就已获中国国务院的批准.参与中国新百科全书编纂的历史学家黄安年表示,维基百科是需要格外注意的竞争者,"读者认为它权威、准确……但我们拥有世界上规模最大、最优质的编纂队伍……我们的目标不是追赶而是超越(Ourgoalisnottocatchup,butovertake)."《中国大百科全书》第一版在1993年问世,内容包含66门学科(66disciplines),8万个条目(over80,000entries),共计亿汉字及5万余幅插图.全书共计74卷(74volumes),包括哲学、社会科学、文学艺术、文化教育、自然科学、工程技术等各个学科和领域.《中国大百科全书》第二版于2009年4月16日正式出版,总计32卷(正文30卷、索引2卷)、6万个条目、约6千万字、3万幅插图和1千幅地图.SYDNEY,June14(Xinhua)--AussieresearchersonThursdaysaidtheyhavediscoveproducedbytheimmunesysteminteractingwithimportantproteinsinthebloodtoblockmalarialinfection,theresearchersfromtheBurnetInstitutemedicalresearchfacilitysaidinastatement."Studieshavealreadyshownthatantibodiesontheirowncaninhibitmalaria,butwefoundthatifantibodiesrecruitcomplementproteinsthisinhibitoryactivitywasgreatlyincreased,"saidresearcherLiriyeKurtovic,wholedthestudypublishedinmedicaljournalBMCMedicine."Evenwhenantibodiesweretestedatlowconcentrations,addingcomplementenhancedtheoveralleffect,"shesaid,addingthatrefiningantibodyresponsestoimprovetheirinteractionwiththecomplementproteinscould"substantiallyenhancetheirabilitytopreventinfectionandpotentiallypreventclinicalmalariadisease".TheWorldHealthOrganizationhassetanambitiousgoaltolicenseamalariavaccinethatisatleast75percentefficaciousagainstclinicalmalariaby2030,theysaid."Thesefindingshaverevealedanewmechanismofimmunitythatwecanexploittodevelopamuchmoreeffectiveandlong-lastingmalariavaccine,"saidtheinstitutemalariamorepressing,withabouthalfamilliondeathsstillresultingfromanestimated200millioncasesoftheinfectionworldwideannually,saidtheresearchers."One-thirdoftheworldspopulationisatriskofmalaria,soaneffectivevaccineistheultimateendgamewiththepotentialtosavemillionsoflives,"saidKurtovic.

  Chinawillenactalargenumberofincentivestofurtherboostimportsinordertodrivedomesticindustrialupgradingandbettermeettheincreasinglydiversifiedconsumptiondemandsofpeople,theStateCouncil,medicineandnursingandrehastitutionalproceduresandunreasonablepriceincreasessoconsumerswillbenefitfromtheimportdutycuts."thetradeinservices,"Lisaidatthemeeting."Ourdeficitinservicestrademaybeturnedintoacatalystfortheupgradingoftheservicessector,",andimportsofproducerservicescoveringresearchanddesign,tradelogistics,consulting,energyconservationandenvironmentalprotectionwillbeencouraged,ceduresandpromotingauthorizedeconomicopera,,acreditinformationsysteminforeigntradeaswellasenhancedintellectualpropertyrightsprotectionareneededsothatforeigntradeandforeigninvestmentwillcomplementeachother."OurinitiativeofboostingimportsdemonstratesChinascommitmenttoanewroundofhigh-standardopening-up,toeconomicrestructuringandtoeconomictransformationandhigh-qualitydevelopment,",,accordingtofiguresprovidedbytheGeneralAdministrationofCustoms.

  Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)Visitorslookatpreservedexamplesduringthe4thChinaAnimalSpecimensCompetitionheldinFujianMuseuminFuzhouCity,EastChina’sFujianProvince,May27,chinstitutespresented257animalspecimensinthecompetitionthataimstopromotepublicawarenessofbiodiversityandecologicalprotection.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangBin)

  InthewordsofCheng,,hejoinedthe7thTaiwanStraitForum,anexperiencewhichgavehimmoreconfidenceinthedevelopmentofthemainlandandfinallymadehimdeterminedtomovetothemainlandformoreopportunities.“,,”,eitherbigorsmall,ontheirwaytobigdevelopmentincareers,,egularday-offslikeothercompaniesfromthemainland,,hewouldbenefitgreatlyinhisfuturedevelopment,,Chengrecalledthatheevensaidtohisfriendsthathewantedtostayevenifhehadtosellsmartphonescreenprotectorfilmsonaflyover."Youcanseethatonecanmakealivingeventhroughpastingscreenprotectors,andIhaveconfidenceIcandothat,",29mainlanddepartmentsincludingtheTaiwanAffairsOfficeoftheStateCouncilandtheNationalDevelopmentandReformCommissionissuedatotalof31measurestopromotecross-Straiteconomicandculturalexchangesandcooperation,whichoffersunprecedentedad,thiscancertainlystrengthentheirconfidencetodevelopinmainland,,ChenglaterbecamethegroupsfirstemployeefromTaiwan,responsi,MacauandTaiwandivision,hislifehaschangedbeyondexpectations:heusedtoworkbehindthescenes,butnowhecompletedthousandsoflarge-scalelectures,freqing,covering50teamsfromTaiwanwith200people,whicharemainlyinvolvedincreativeculture,theater,serviceindustry,,WangYang,memberoftheStandingCommitteeofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommitteeandChairmanoftheNationalCommitteeoftheChinesePeoplesPoliticalConsultativeConference(CPPCC),saidthatthetwosidesotiesofthemainlandwithTaiwancompaniesandvowstobefairtobothTaiwanandmainlandcompaniesinrelatedpolicieswithoutdistinction,inordertobringmorebenefitstopeople,Wangsaid.Along-forgottenandrareChineseim(19millionUSdollars)atSotheby’hevase–decoratedwithdeerandcranes–at500,’ssaidthevaseistheonlyknownexampleofitskindanditwasproducedbytheJingdezhenworkshopsforthemagnificentcourtsoftheQianlongEmperor(1735-1796).The18th-centuryporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,uncle,andappearsa(rosefamily)porcelainwaresoftheQianlongperiodareextremelyrareonthemarket,withmostexamplescurrentlyhouse(Photo/ChinaDaily)Whenthesepiecesdocometoauction,’sHongKong,’ssaidthattheseso-calledyangcaiporcelaincommissions,sometimesinpairs,butneverinlargequantities.“Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,”OlivierValmier,theAsianartsexpertattheauctionhouse,saidbeforethesale.

  

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清华预算超233亿领跑部属高校 7所高校超百亿

发稿时间:2019-07-16 09:39:15 来源: 新京报 中国青年网

  新京报讯 (记者沙璐 实习生王俊)近日,部属高校2017年度部门预算相继“出炉”。今年75所高校预算收支总数超过3500亿元,预算收支总额排名前三位的分别是清华大学、北京大学和浙江大学。其中,清华大学233.35亿元,是唯一一所超过200亿的学校。

  75所高校中仅清华超200亿元

  75所高校中收支预算总额排名前三位的是清华大学、北京大学和浙江大学,预算分别为233.35亿元、193.45亿元和150.47亿元。清华是唯一一所超过200亿元的学校。其他超过百亿的高校分别是上海交通大学、中山大学、天津大学和复旦大学。

  预算最少的后三位是中央美术学院、中央音乐学院和中央戏剧学院,均为艺术类院校,预算总额均未超10亿元。

  75所高校年度收支预算排名中,预算超过50亿的24所,低于50亿的51所。与去年相比,预算超过50亿元的高校略有增加。此外,预算在10亿-20亿、20亿-30亿区间的高校数量最多,分别有14所。

  前十名中东部占7所 多为综合性高校

  从地域来看,预算排名前10位的高校中,有7所在东部地区。中西部地区仅吉林大学、武汉大学、华中科技大学三所。其中,吉林大学是今年“挤入”前十,预算较去年增加35亿元,排名第8位。

  记者还注意到,前10位高校基本为综合性大学。理工类院校总体排名靠前,比如西安交通大学、大连理工大学、北京交通大学排名都在前30名以内。排名后十位的则大多是语言、财经、艺术类高校。

  与2016年相比,多数高校预算有所增加,增加幅度从几亿到几十亿不等。清华预算增加超50亿,涨幅最大。天津大学、中山大学、北京大学增幅超40亿元。吉林大学、上海交通大学、复旦大学、中国农业大学涨幅超20亿。仅浙江大学、兰州大学、北京化工大学等个别高校预算较去年有所减少,但降幅不大。

  追问1 高校“钱袋子”怎么用?

  教育支出占预算比例一般最大

  高校“钱袋子”已经确定,这些钱从哪里来,要用到哪里去?从收入来源看,高校收入主要有几大块,分别是各类财政拨款、上年结转、事业收入、经营收入、其他收入。

  各类财政拨款一般是高校收入的主要来源,比如吉林大学财政拨款 332518.15万元,占收入预算的52.86%;北京化工大学一般公共预算拨款99815.55万元,占总收入的40.07%。

  也有些高校财政拨款占比较少,北京大学今年一般公共预算拨款488346.23万元,占34.32%;事业收入占比37.40%,高于财政拨款。

  支出方面,一般包括教育支出、科学技术支出、文化体育与传媒支出、住房保障支出等。在这些支出中,教育支出是最重要的一部分,所占比重一般也最大。

  中国人民大学教育支出438558.45万元,占支出预算总额的84.29%;结转下年68400万元,占13.15%;住房保障支出12303.43万元,占2.36%。

  厦门大学教育支出所占比重更高,在608404.03万元的预算支出中,高等教育支出57770万元,高达94.96%。

  追问2 预算为何普遍增加?

  因“双一流”建设增加财政拨款

  今年近70所高校预算数较去年都有所增加,多的增幅达几十亿元,涨幅超过20亿的至少有8所。

  为何今年很多高校预算大幅增加?记者注意到一些学校预算数增加与“双一流”建设有关,特别是财政拨款涨幅较大。

  北京大学收支预算总数较去年增加40多亿,其中,一般公共预算支出与上年年初预算相比增加210487.15万元。北大解释,主要原因是2016年“中央高校建设一流大学(学科)和特色发展引导”专项经费为追加预算。其中,增加最多的是高等教育支出,比上年增加200455.34万元。

  武汉大学收支预算总数较去年增加9亿多,其中,一般公共预算支出数为320537.15万元,比上年增加81981.08万元。该校解释主要原因是:中央高校建设世界一流大学(学科)和特色发展引导专项、中央高校管理改革等绩效拨款和调资经费等额度没有在2016年批复,而在2017年进行了批复。

  据吉林大学介绍,2017年收入总预算879636.29万元,比2016年增加357739.64万元,在财政拨款支出预算中,教育支出比2016年增加50430.42万元,增长19.36%。主要原因是中央高校建设世界一流大学(学科)和特色发展引导专项资金、基本科研业务费、高校捐赠配比等项目支出及2017年调资经费等基本支出增加。

  追问3 为何不公布“三公”开支?

  一些项目难分类 部门情况较复杂

  自2013年以来部属高校开始公开部门预算,今年是第五年。记者发现,与中央各部门和地方政府预算公开相比,高校预算公开内容较为简单,“三公”经费以及各项目细化支出等并未公布。

  此外,高校“其他收入”部分金额较大,但并未详细公布该项信息。如复旦大学其他收入157908.71万元,南开大学其他收入为298452.51万元。据高校解释,其他收入指除“财政拨款收入”“事业收入”“经营收入”等以外的各项收入,包括投资收益、银行存款利息收入、租金收入、捐赠收入、盘盈收入等。

  中财政府预算研究中心主任王雍君教授介绍,“其他收入”金额较大不是高校特有,其他一些部门中其他收入和支出量也比较大,社会关注度也比较高。主要原因是我国预算分类系统与国际通行分类还有一定差距,一些支出项目在现有分类下很难归到特定科目,就要放到“其他支出”;同时部门情况较复杂,比如设有下属单位,会涉及统计方面的问题。

  “高校属于事业单位,比一般行政单位情况更复杂。‘三公’经费不是一个独立科目,是从各方面摘取进行汇总,而高校与行政机关不太一样,经常有学术交流、师资培训,不能简单归为‘三公’。” 王雍君解释说。

  【链接】

  支出政策、地区及生源致预算差距大

  这75所部属高校“贫富”差距较为显著,多的达上百亿元,少的仅有几亿元,第一名比最后一名多出229.37亿元,相差数十倍。

  为什么高校之间的“贫富”差距会如此显著?中财政府预算研究中心主任王雍君教授解释道,每个学校情况不一样,国家在对学校的支出政策上有一定区别,比如对“985”“211”,支持力度更大;根据地区情况不同也会有差异,比如北京等经济实力较强地区的高校,受到的支持以及各种收入会更多;此外,学校的生源结构也不一样。所以高校之间预算会出现比较大的差异。

原标题:清华预算超233亿领跑部属高校 7所高校超百亿
责任编辑:周学磊
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